World War II in the Aleutians - Shemya (APO 729)
January 26, 1943 to January 27, 1946
1. Recap of Army Facilities
7. My Outfit
8. My Buddies
GENERAL SIMON BOLIVER BUCKNER, JR.
The history of this soldier is well documented and available in
minutes on a computer or within a half hour in most libraries.
Nevertheless, this thumbnail sketch needs to be said.
General Buckner Jr. was the scion of the first General Simon
Boliver Buckner who fought for the Confederacy during the
Civil war. Gen'l Buckner Sr., in one of the battles, was
captured and subsequently imprisoned on
an Island in
Harbor, which was used as a Prisoner of War Camp. We
assume that he was released some time after Lee surrendered.
Gen'l Buckner Jr. , who grew up in the South, was considered
a good soldier, distinguished himself in a variety of assignments
prior to the outbreak of WW II, and was assigned to the Alaskan
Command. Again, after the Japanese occupied the Aleutian'Islands,
he is given credit for the campaign to push them out.
I must add that he never came to visit me on Shemya!
He was recognized by the War Dept., then given another assignment;
to organize and command the Tenth Army
The capture of this
battles in the South Pacific, took three months, resulting in 12,000
American deaths and 36,000 wounded.
One of those deaths was General Simon Boliver Buckner, Jr. who was
killed from ricocheting artillery fire.
I hate to say anything negative about a brave soldier, but I must!
General Buckner Jr. let his peers know that he would never allow
any Blacks to bear arms under his command. As a Southerner, he
is also quoted as saying other things not worthwhile repeating
Were he alive when Truman integrated the Armed Forces, Truman
may have been obliged to fire him!
The next highest officer killed in WW II was General Leslie Mc Nair
fire". This happened more frequently than we would like to think
or that is reported.
© Wally Nadel 2007
Dr. Will R. Eubank - Adak 1943 Map of Alaska